The Mughal Empire disappeared in the 16th century, but Taj Mahal and Agra Fort remains as stark reminders of the civilization. The majestic huge fortress encompasses a 2.5 kilometers long enclosure of walls surrounding several palaces that were home to the Mughal Rulers.

Agra Fort you gotta go here
Agra Fort you gotta go here

The Mughal Empire disappeared in the 16th century, but Taj Mahal and Agra Fort remains as stark reminders of the civilization. The majestic huge fortress encompasses a 2.5 kilometers long enclosure of walls surrounding several palaces that were home to the Mughal Rulers. Fairy tale palaces such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal that were built by Shah Jahan make you want to know how this civilization could be so much ahead of their time with their magnificent buildings.

The Red Agra Fort was established in 1565 by Emperor Akbar on the right banks of River Yamuna. It is nestled on the extreme west of the ever beautiful Shah Jahan Gardens that surround Taj Mahal.

The fortress is bastioned with walls of Redstone that rise above a moat. The graceful curves and loft bastions of the fortress shows an uncanny love for things graceful. This kind of architecture is also evident in Taj Mahal, a Mausoleum built by Shah Jahan in memory of his wife. Under Emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, the Agra Fort, just like its counterpart, the Delhi Fort, is a clear testament of the Mughal Empire grandeur.

The Walls of Agra Fort consists of two gates namely; the Delhi Gate and the Amar Singh Gate. The ancient main entrance was the Delhi Gate that led to the Hathi Pol, or the Elephant Gate. Today, tourists get into the fort through the Amar Singh Gate.

Palaces and monuments Found within the Agra Fort Boundaries include;

  • The Khas Mahal
  • The Shish Mahal
  • The octagonal tower of Muhammam Burj
  • Reception rooms: Diwan-i-Khas, built in 1637 and the many pillared Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience), constructed in 1628 during the reign of Shah Jahan.
  • The Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque, constructed in 1646-53 by Shah Jahan
  • The Nagina Masjid built under the reign of Aurangzeb (1658-1707).

Most of the buildings within the Agra Fort are made of pure marble and features beautiful carvings. They form an inspiring story of the Indo-Muslim art that also got influences from Persia. As much as fun loving Shah Jahan influenced most of the remaining Mughal Empire monuments, his fate was not as encouraging. He was imprisoned by his son, Aurangreb in Agra Fort. From the Agra Fort, he was able to see the Mausoleum he had erected for his wife – the Taj Mahal. He is said to have died in Musamman Burj, the beautiful marble tower.

A visit to this Indian monument will be well worth your time and money. It is especially a good place to take memorable pictures with the beautiful Mughal artwork in the background.


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