The Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns represent the best of Mycenaean Civilization. Note that the Mycenaean Civilization would later give rise to most of the European cultures that include classical Greek Architecture and urban designs.

Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns you gotta go here
Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns you gotta go here

The Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns represent the best of Mycenaean Civilization. Note that the Mycenaean Civilization would later give rise to most of the European cultures that include classical Greek Architecture and urban designs.

The 2 sites are closely linked to the Homeric epics of Iliad and Odyssey that greatly influenced the European literature and arts over a period of 3 millenniums.

History

16th century BC - The Mycenaean civilization started to develop on the Greek mainland It was essentially a continuation of the Middle Helladic culture, transformed by Minoan influences from Crete.

You need to know about the two earlier periods that preceded the 16th century development of the Mycenaean Civilization. The first period started in 1580 BC and ended in 1500 BC and the other period started in 1500 BC and ended in 1400 BC. The importance of knowing about these two periods is because the tradition of burials, most notably the shaft graves of Mycenae, developed during these periods.

Towards the end of the 2nd period, elaborate tombs started being developed with the royal tombs looking like bee hives while those for other families being a long chamber. The Mycenaean Civilization is seen in the third period that existed in 1400 to 1120 BC. The culture was characterized by construction of elaborate palaces and strong citadels.

Attractions

  • Middle Helladic period cemetery - This includes Grave Circle B (dated to the 17th century BC) and Grave Circle A (16th century BC).
  • The Palace – This was built on a hill and was constructed in three stages (1350, 1250 and 1225 BC respectively
  • A series of Tholos - The tombsa include; Tomb of Aegisthos (1500 BC), the Lion Tholos Tomb (1350 BC), the Tomb of Clytemnestra (1220 BC)
  • The Treasury of Atreus
  • Four large buildings that are believed to have been royal workshops

The history of the Mycenaean Civilization cannot be told in one simple blog. You are better off going to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Mycenae and Tiryn to learn and see for yourself. These two sites are loaded with history that will make you look at the world history with another angle. Apart from the history classes, you will get to take photographs of structures that were built more than 3 millenniums ago. How about that for a weekend getaway?

 


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